Turkey is buckling down for a three-week full lockdown beginning Thursday, as a third wave of coronavirus cases hits the country’s health-care system.
The country of 82 million had until this point managed to avoid a full lockdown, imposing a variety of partial restrictions that brought its average daily case count down to 6,000 by February. But a loosening of those restrictions in March unleashed a new wave of infections that have given Turkey the highest daily case rate in Europe, hitting more than 60,000 registered cases per day in late April.
The government is requiring all businesses to close unless granted an exception by the Interior Ministry, forbidding intercity travel without authorization, and moving all schooling online. Supermarkets can remain open except for Sundays.
Turkey has so far reported more than 4.7 million cases of the virus and over 39,000 deaths since the pandemic began, a relatively low death rate of 0.8% which officials say is owed to the country’s strong health-care system.
But as the new surge continues to spread, residents fear the economic impact of the lockdown on a population already battered by high inflation, rising unemployment and a dramatically weakened currency.
The lockdown will “destroy the people who want to earn money for their beloved ones as the economy was hit terribly even before corona,” Eyal, an Istanbul native working in the tourism industry said.
“As a person in the tourism field, we are also struggling because of the badly managed corona situation by the government as after (the lockdown announcement) there were cancellations of the very few reservations we had,” Eyal said, withholding his last name due to fear of government reprisal.
Tourism accounts for 7.7% of Turkey’s employment, according to the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development. In 2019 it saw record high tourism revenue, before dropping a whopping 72% in the first 11 months of 2020, Reuters reported in November.
President Recep Tayyip Erdogan said Tuesday that without harsher restrictions and slowed infection rates, there would be a “heavy price” paid for tourism, education and trade. He aims to bring daily infections down to 5,000. Daily recorded cases stood at 40,444 on Wednesday, according to data compiled by Johns Hopkins University.
‘More and more jobless people’
Bus stations in Istanbul have been crowded with travelers trying to get out of the city ahead of the lockdown, something that many Turks fear may only make things worse.
“This curfew could be the only solution to decrease the new cases, but almost all the people who have the money did not want to stay in Istanbul,” Eyal said, describing an exodus to other parts of the country, which he worries “will increase the new cases instead of decreasing.”
Erdogan has also come under fire for hosting crowded events, like a massive gathering for his political party’s congress in late March which saw thousands of people packed into a 10,400-capacity sports complex, shirking Turkey’s social distancing rules.
“I am feeling as terrified as when I watched the big gatherings in indoor places by the government with no sense,” Eyal said. “There is a little bit of support from the government, almost nothing, and there are more and more jobless people and I worry for them.”