Scott Morrison and Japanese Prime Minister Yoshihide Suga have shared concerns about the military coup in Myanmar and China’s regional aggression.
The Australian prime minister discussed the two countries’ commitment to a free and open Indo-Pacific in a call late on Thursday.
The leaders expressed concerns about China’s actions in curtailing democracy in Hong Kong and human rights abuses against the Uighur Muslim minority in Xinjiang.
Mr Morrison and Mr Suga also noted China’s conduct in the East and South China seas amid increasing tensions in the Taiwan Strait.
Australia and Japan have resolved to strengthen their special strategic partnership in security, trade, science and energy technology.
The leaders spoke about the post-pandemic global economic recovery being driven by multilateral organisations.
Mr Morrison also congratulated the prime minister for Japanese tennis star Naomi Osaka’s Australian Open victory and welcomed preparations for the Tokyo Olympics.